Ancient city on the Gulf of Policastro, girdled around by mountains rising above the pleasant valley, echoing the
voices of its outlying hamlets, Maratea is the only portion of Lucania on the Tyrrhenian Sea, where it stretches
for about 30 km, astride the provinces of Cosenza and Salerno.
Although the birth of the town cannot be dated with absolute precision, there are some unmistakable indications. For example, its name and several other place-names (Calicastro, Racia, Profiti, Filacara, Santavenere) would justify situating it in or around the Greek period, as recent archeological discoveries appear to confirm. Whereas the name and origins certainly go back to the Greek colonization, the most ancient document on the city, a bull of Alfano I, Bishop of Salerno, dates from the year 1079.
In subsequent centuries Maratea would have followed the political fortunes of southern Italy, always, however, managing to obtain from successive dynasties of the Kingdom of Naples numerous privileges for its freedom-loving people.